EkoNiva’s livestock farming operations have been engaged in the reproduction of pedigree cattle breeding since 2006. The enterprises in Voronezh, Kaluga, Ryazan, Tyumen and Novosibirsk oblasts hold the status of stock breeding farms and breeding reproducers of cattle. Propagated breeds: Simmental, Brown Swiss, Holstein Black-and-White and Red-and-White, Hereford and Aberdeen-Angus cross. The herd consists of purebred Very Good and Good Plus cattle characterised by high genetic potential. The origin of the cattle is confirmed by genetic testing.
All the farming enterprises implement efficient livestock housing and herd management systems, employ state-of-the-art milking and health care technologies and use advanced software such as Selex and Dairy Comp 305 (VAS).
Milk production parameters are rapidly increasing without affecting the health of the cattle. The average milk yield of Simmental cows in EkoNivaAgro has gone up to 8,618 kg per lactation, the milk yield of Red-and-White cows has increased to 7,974 kg. The rolling herd average of Holstein cows in EkoNivaAgro has increased to 9,384 kg, in Sibirskaya Niva – 8,407 kg, in Kaluzhskaya Niva – 8,994 kg, in OKA MOLOKO – 8,837 kg, in Mezhdurechye – 8,166 kg of milk.
The company uses semen of breeding bulls of western genetics (Germany, Austria, the USA and Canada) for herd reproduction. In order to increase the breeding stock and accelerate the genetic progress of the herd, all enterprises holding the status of breeding reproducers and stock breeding farms use semen of genomic bulls and sexed semen.
Northwestern Europe, i.e. the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany, though North America became the place where the breed was fully established as the most common and highest-yielding.
The breed features two color coats: Red-and-White and Black-and-White. The coat is glossy with differently sized and coloured markings. The cows are lively-tempered, gentle and people-friendly. The breed requires high housing, feeding and hygiene standards and high-tech milking equipment.
The udder is high, deep, with ample capacity. It is bowl-shaped with delicate skin and well-defined subcutaneous milk veins, divided into two balanced parts with a distinct udder cleft, teats squarely placed under each quarter.
The production has reached 9,330 kg of milk at EkoNiva’s dairy operations, fat content — 3.79%, protein content — 3.28%. Average daily milk yield per 1 cow is 31.0 litres.
The breeding stock was imported from Europe and the USA. The herd is 100% artificially inseminated with high-class purebred Holstein semen from the USA and Canada.
Breeding work is focused on improving dairy traits, milkability, immune system, foot and leg composite, body weight gain and adaptability ensuring that a cow adapts well to the intensive dairy system and milking equipment.
Heifers and primiparous cows from Voronezh, Kaluga and Novosibirsk oblasts.
The breed was developed in 1980–1998 by crossing Simmental cows and Red-and-White Holstein bulls. The purpose was to combine the best traits of the breeds: Simmentals’ strong stature, high adaptability to the environment and young stock growth rate with high milk production, good udder shape and functionality and good dairy type of Holsteins.
The breed features red coat with differently sized white markings. The cows have big stature, strong type, deep and wide chest. The breed is also characterised by good health and reproduction, early puberty and calm temper. The level of adaptability to various regional climatic conditions is high.
A bowl-shaped udder with cylindrical teats. The milking rate is 1.84 kg/min. The type traits are similar to those of the Holstein breed. Housing type: both tie-stalls and free-stalls.
The production has reached 7,060 kg of milk at EkoNiva’s dairy operations, fat content —3.79%, protein content — 3.24%. Average daily milk yield per 1 cow is 20.0 litres. High beef output.
The best genetic material of Red-and-White Holsteins are used for breeding. The herd pedigree is 88-95% Holstein. Due to the breeding work, annual milk production is consistently increasing.
The breeding stock is from Russia. The herd is 100% artificially inseminated with high-class purebred Red-and-White Holstein semen from the USA and Canada.
Heifers and primiparous cows from Voronezh oblast.
One of the oldest breeds in Europe originating from Switzerland, the Simme river valley after which it took its name.
The breed features red-and-white and white and cream colour pattern, a white head and a bright face. The udder, belly and lower parts of the legs are predominantly white, the fur is soft and thick. The cows stand out for their beautiful shape, strong frame and well developed muscles. The udder is bowl-shaped with well-developed teats.
The cattle are quite big, hardy, quickly adapt to new conditions have a long productive life. They require high-tech milking equipment. Free-stall housing.
The production has reached 7,380 kg of milk at EkoNiva’s dairy operations, fat content — 3.95%, protein content — 3.27%. Average daily milk yield per 1 cow is 24.0 litres. The milk tastes great, is good for cheese production. The breed also has high beef output.
The breeding stock was imported from Europe. The herd is 100% artificially inseminated with high-class purebred Simmental semen from Germany, the Netherlands and Austria.
Heifers and primiparous cows from Voronezh, Kursk and Novosibirsk oblasts.
Developed in the mountainous canton of Schwyz in Switzerland in the14th century. A breed of dual — dairy and beef — purpose.
Brown, dark brown and light grey colour pattern. Proportional and balanced frame, well expressed dairy type. A high-capacity, bowl shaped, softly rounded udder with well-developed cylindrical teats.
The breed is also characterised by good health and reproduction, early puberty, a high level of adaptability to various regional climatic conditions and calm temper. Less demanding, hardy, adapts well to new management systems, requires high-tech milking equipment. High yielding dairy breed. Hardy, quickly adapts to new conditions. Free-stall housing and automatic milking.
The production has reached 6,590 kg of milk at EkoNiva’s dairy operations, fat content — 4.01%, protein content — 3.27%. Average daily milk yield per 1 cow is 18.0 litres. The milk is largely used for high-quality hard cheese production all over the world.
The breeding stock was imported from Europe. The herd is 100% artificially inseminated with high-class purebred Brown Swiss semen from the USA and Canada.
Heifers and primiparous cows from Kaluga oblast.